Historical sketch of Berlin

Full text: Brasch & Rothenstein's Guide of Berlin

The history of Berlin is traced back to the 13th century; 
it consisted originally of the two adjacent towns of Berlin 
and Kolln which the Margrave Hermann united into one city 
with a common system of laws in 1307. Throughout the 
14 th century, the town developed into a position of im 
portance, and, being the most prominent city of the Mark, 
it gradually became the head of a union of cities which 
made itself very powerful. By joining the Hanseatic League, 
this union assumed an almost independent position. However, 
a period of lawlessness and confusion setting in, the cities 
were unable to maintain peace and order themselves and the 
government of the Mark (and afterwards its hereditary posr 
session) was transferred, by the Emperor Sigismund, to 
Friedrich of Nurnberg, the First Hohenzollern. Under his 
rule, order was partly restored, but Berlin offered constant 
resistance to the Margrave, and it was only his successor 
Frederick II. who succeeded, after a long struggle and by 
taking advantage of dissensions among the inhabitants, in 
reducing the city to subjection in 1448. A castle was built, 
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