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Full text: Berlin`s economy in figures Issue 2012

Berlin‘s economy in figures
2012 issue

Foreword

Manufacturing industry setting growth signal

In the ninth issue of “Berlin’s economy in figures” the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI) Berlin and the Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin provide information on the key economic, demographic and fiscal developments in our city that occurred in 2011. Our publication is a fascinating source of information for entrepreneurs, politicians and all other interested parties, preparing all the key facts on the Berlin economic area in an informative short form. 2011 was a successful year for Berlin’s economy, with a 2.3 percent growth in GDP. The performance of industrial and hand-crafted producing companies shot up by a massive eleven percent – far more than the national level. Berlin occupied a top position both in employment growth and new start-up companies. The economic success has further increased the city’s attractiveness for immigrants – setting a new record with over 3.5 million inhabitants. As Berlin is one of the key science locations in Europe, we have expanded our publication to include the Section “Science location Berlin”. This contains clearly presented information on higher education as well as public and private research and development in the city. The present issue again describes in detail the symbiosis of Berlin with its environs – e.g. by comparing labour market or fiscal data reflecting the attraction of Berlin as an economic area. Our brochure shows that Berlin has to further engage in its economic development, in order to catch up with the strongest regions – although it is becoming clear that the industrial policy adopted is the correct one.

Dr. Eric Schweitzer, President of the CCI Berlin, and Stephan Schwarz, President of the Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin

Dr. Eric Schweitzer	

Stephan Schwarz

3

Content

Section 1: The Berlin economy – structure and trends	 Gross domestic product of the federal states 2011	 Gross domestic product in Berlin, Brandenburg and Germany 2001 – 2011	 Gross domestic product per capita by federal state 2011 	 Structural shifts in the Berlin economy 2001 – 2011	 Gross value added in Berlin by economic sector 2011	 Productivity by federal state 2011	 Purchasing power by federal state 2012 	 Commercial start-ups and wind-ups 2011	 Settlement and investment projects in Berlin 2011	 Section 2: Area and population	 Population development, Berlin conurbation 2001 – 2011	 Non-German population by nationality 2011	 Development of age structure of the Berlin population	 Average age in the federal states 2010	 Section 3: Berlin labour market	 Employees subject to compulsory social insurance in Berlin 2001 – 2011	 Comparison of working population in Berlin by economic sector 1991 / 2011	 Unemployment rates 2001 – 2011	 Unemployment rates by federal state 2011	 Top 100 employers in Berlin	

6 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 11 11 11 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 15

Section 7: Cluster and technology fields in Berlin-Brandenburg	 Development of economic structure in health care industries cluster 1996 / 2009	 Gross value added and labour force in health care industries cluster 	 Economic segments in ICT, media and creative industries cluster 2009	 Economic segments in transport and mobility cluster 2009	 Development of turnover and employment of optical technologies and microsystem technologies in Berlin-Brandenburg	 Companies and turnover in power engeneering 2009	 Section 8: Science location Berlin	 Number of universities and non-university research institutions in Berlin	 Public and private R&D staff 2009	 Public and private R&D expenditures 2009	 Students from abroad by federal state	 Third-party funds raised per professor by federal state 2009	 Section 9: Foreign trade in Berlin	 Berlin imports by top-ten commodity group 2011	 Berlin exports by top-ten commodity group 2011	 Berlin imports by country 2010 / 2011	 Berlin exports by country 2010 / 2011	

27 27 28 28 29 30 30 31 31 31 32 32 33 34 34 34 35 35

Explanations	36 Imprint	38

Section 4: Skilled crafts in Berlin	 18 Total number of companies registered with the Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin	 18 Number of entrepreneurs of foreign origin registered with the Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin	 18 Traineeship trends in Berlin 2001 – 2011 	 19 Passed master craftsman examinations in Berlin 2001 – 2011 	 19 Section 5: Figures for CCI Berlin	 CCI members by economic sector  2012	 CCI members by district 2012	 Section 6: Sectors in Berlin	 Turnover and employment in manufacturing 2005 – 2011 	 Employees subject to compulsory social insurance in manufacturing  by sub-group 2011 	 Development of turnover and employment in Berlin construction 2005 – 2011 	 Development of Berlin retail trade 2007 – 2011	 Development of passenger levels in air traffic 2001 – 2011	 Number of Berlin visitors and overnight stays 2001 – 2011 	 Berlin tourists from abroad by country 2001 – 2011	 Number of overnight stays by city 2011 	 Berlin service providers by economic sector 2010	 20 20 21 22 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 25 26

4

5

Section 1: The Berlin economy – structure and trends

Gross domestic product of the federal states 2011
percentage change from previous year, in real terms
5

Gross domestic product per capita by federal state 2011
at current prices in euros
60,000 50,000 40,000

4

3
2.4

3.0 2.3

2

Source: ”Regional Accounts VGRdL“, July 2012

1

10,000 0

22,051

20,000

29,153

31,440

30,000

0

Source: ”Regional Accounts VGRdL“, July 2012

MV

HH

SH

BE

BB

ST

NW

SN

BY

DE

HE

NI

RP

TH

HB

SL

BW

MV

TH

BB

ST

SN

SH

NI

RP

BE

SL

D

NW BW

BY

HE

HB

HH

abbreviations see page 37

abbreviations see page 37

Gross domestic product* in Berlin, Brandenburg and Germany 2001 – 2011
percentage change from previous year, in real terms
5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3
Source: ”Regional Accounts VGRdL“, July 2012
-1.2 1.2 0.5 3.0 2.32.4

Structural shifts in the Berlin economy 2001 – 2011
contribution of individual sectors to gross value added* at current prices in million euros
80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000
132 13,112 57,672 74,977

-5 -6 2001 2002 2003 2004 Berlin 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

10,000 0

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009 services

2010

Germany

Brandenburg
*Revised figures for the years 2001–2008 were not available by our editorial deadline. The figures from July 2011 have been used.

agriculture, forestry and fisheries

production

*Revised figures for the years 2001–2007 were not available by our editorial deadline. The figures from July 2011 have been used.

6

8

2011

15,558

-4

Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, as of: July 2012

7

Section 1: The Berlin economy – structure and trends

Gross value added in Berlin by economic sector 2011
in percent

Purchasing power by federal state 2012
purchasing power per inhabitant in euros
23,000 22,000

production – 13.7% construction – 3.5% 90,543 million euros trade, hotels, restaurants, transport – 19.6% company service providers – 32.5%
Source: ”Regional Accounts VGRdL“, July 2012

21,000
20,014 17,816 18,220

20,000 19,000 18,000 17,000 16,000 15,000 ST MV SN TH BB BE HB SL NI RP

public/private services – 30.7%

Source: GfK GeoMarketing GmbH, May 2012

DE NW SH

BW

HE

BY

HH

abbreviations see page 37

Productivity by federal state 2011
GDP* per working hour of labour force (at current prices in euros)
60 50 40
33.9 44.28

Commercial start-ups and wind-ups 2011
net increase per 10,000 inhabitants in absolute numbers
45 40 35 30 25 20 15
42

30 20
Source: ”Regional Accounts VGRdL“, July 2012

40.65

10 5 0
3

13

10 0

TH

MV

SN

ST

BB

SH

BE

SL

NI

NP

DE

BY

NW BW

HB

HE

HH

-5

Source: Federal and State Statistical offices, April 2012

ST

TH

RP

MV

BB

SL

NW

SN

BW

DE

NI

SH

HE

HB

BY

HH

BE

* gross domestic product abbreviations see page 37

abbreviations see page 37

8

9

Section 1: The Berlin economy – structure and trends

Section 2: Area and population

Settlement and investment projects in Berlin 2011
by cluster and economic sector

Population development, Berlin conurbation 2001 – 2011
percentage change from previous year
3.0

health care industries – 17 projects transport, mobility, logistics – 4 projects media, information and communications technology, creative industries – 64 projects energy – 8 projects optics – 2 projects

2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5
1.23 0.19 0.53 0.73 0.86 1.97

other industries – 34 projects
Source: Berlin Partner GmbH, December 2011

other services – 30 projects

0.0 -0.5

Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, own calculations, January 2012

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Berlin*

area around Berlin**

Berlin conurbation**
* version up to 31.12.2011 ** see explanations, page 32

Non-German population by nationality 2011
share of total registered non-German residents in Berlin by region of origin

European Union – 34.7% other parts of Europe – 38.7% Asia – 14.4% America – 5.6% Africa – 3.7% Australia/Oceania – 0.5% stateless/unclarified – 2.5%
Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, February 2012

10

11

Section 2: Area and population

Section 3: Berlin labour market

Development of age structure of the Berlin population
in absolute numbers
1,600,000 1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000
Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, February 2012

Employees subject to compulsory social insurance in Berlin 2001 – 2011
in absolute numbers
1,200,000

1,177,948

1,150,000
1,127,405

1,100,000

1,050,000

1,000,000

1,011,118

200,000 0 under 18 years 2000 18 to 44 years 2005 2011 45 to 64 years 65 years and older 950,000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Source: Statistics of the Federal Employment Office, March 2012

Average age in the federal states 2010
in years
50

Comparison of working population in Berlin by economic sector 1991 / 2011
share of working population by economic sector, in percent

7.7

0.6 8.0

4.6

45.7

45
43.7

31.8 20.6 39.8

42.8

1991

25.8

2011

40
Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, June 2012, own calculations

Source: Federal Statistical Office, February 2012

15.4

12.6

35

21.8

HH

BW

BE

BY

NW

HE

NI

DE

RP

HB

SH

SL

MV

BB

TH

SN

ST

abbreviations see page 37

public and other service providers, education and health, private households financing-, insurance and company service providers; real estate activities

trade, transport, storage, hotels, restaurants, information and communication production (excluding construction) construction agriculture and forestry
13

12

Section 3: Berlin labour market

Unemployment rates 2001 – 2011
share of total civilian working population by region
20 18 16 14
13.3 17.4

Top 100 employers in Berlin

19.0 18.2

company name 1 Deutsche Bahn AG 2 Vivantes Netzwerk für Gesundheit GmbH

employees in Berlin
18,598 14,158 13,386 12,888 10,707 7,600 6,546 6,500 6,450 6,022 5,612
1

total number of employees
295,172 14,158 360,000 12,888 10,707 235,000 18,162 470,000 6,598 271,370 not specified 57,852 8 5,475 35,795 14,497 298,018 5,454
9 19

headquarter in Berlin
yes yes yes 24 yes yes no no no yes no no yes yes yes yes no yes no yes 23
10

16.1

3 Siemens AG 4 Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin 5 Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) 6 Deutsche Telekom AG 10.7 7 KAISER'S TENGELMANN GMBH 8 Deutsche Post DHL 9 Landesbank Berlin Holding AG 7.1 10 Daimler AG 11 WISAG-Gruppe 12 Dussmann Stiftung & Co. KGaA 13 Berliner Stadtreinigungsbetriebe BSR 11.7

12 10
Source: Statistics of the Federal Employment Office, February 2012
9.4

8 6

2001

2002

2003

2004 Berlin

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

5,600 1; 8 5,475 5,400 5,102 5,083 4,581 4,500 4,438 4,400 4,000 3,700 3,500 3,408 5 3,401 3,400 3,220 3,121 2,871 2,763 2,694 2,595 2,567 17 2,500 2,449 2,400
4

Germany

Brandenburg

14 Vattenfall Europe AG & Tochterunternehmen 15 Gegenbauer Holding SA & Co. KG 16 METRO Group

Unemployment rates by federal state 2011
share of total civilian working population by region
16 14
13.3

17 Berliner Wasserbetriebe 18 Kaufland Dienstleistungs GmbH & Co. KG 19 SECURITAS Gruppe 20 Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals 21 Deutsche Bank AG 22 HELIOS Kliniken GmbH 23 Deutsche Lufthansa AG 24 EDEKA Minden-Hannover Stiftung & Co. KG 10.7

127,000 3 300,000 37,100 101,000 43,000 120,055 306,000 11 25,862 3,400 13,540 4,217 9,113 151,000 3,386 11,429
2 12

yes no yes no no no yes yes yes yes no yes no no no yes yes

12 10 8 6 4
Source: Statistics of the Federal Employment Office, February 2012
7.1

25 Karstadt Warenhaus GmbH 26 Deutsches Rotes Kreuz Schwesternschaft Berlin Gemeinnützige Krankenhaus GmbH

27 Axel Springer AG 28 Paul Gerhardt Diakonie e. V., Berlin und Wittenberg 29 airberlin group 30 Allianz Deutschland AG 31 Evangelisches Johannesstift SbR 32 Alexianer GmbH

2 0 BY BW RP HE SL NI DE SH HH NW TH SN BB HB ST MV BE

33 REWE Markt GmbH Zweigniederlassung Ost 34 Randstad Deutschland GmbH & Co. KG 35 UNIONHILFSWERK 36 BIOTRONIK SE & Co. KG

310,000 20 605,500 13 2,484 5,600
1

abbreviations see page 37

14

15

Section 3: Berlin labour market

company name 37 BMW Group 38 McDonald's Deutschland Inc. 39 Lidl Dienstleistung GmbH & Co. KG, Lebensmitteleinzelhändler 40 3 B Dienstleistungsgruppe 41 Mosaik Unternehmensverbund 42 Commerzbank AG 43 BT Berlin Transport GmbH 44 Berliner Werkstätten für Menschen mit Behinderung GmbH 45 Berliner Volksbank eG 46 Bundesdruckerei GmbH 47 Deutsche Kreditbank AG (DKB) 48 ManpowerGroup Germany, Manpower GmbH & Co. KG 49 Piepenbrock Unternehmensgruppe 50 Osram AG 51 GASAG-Gruppe 52 EJF gemeinnützige AG 53 ALBA Group 54 GRG Services Berlin GmbH & Co. KG 55 PAREXEL International GmbH 56 Philip Morris GmbH 57 BERLIN-CHEMIE AG 58 Dirk Rossmann GmbH 59 KPMG AG Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft 60 Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin Verein für Berufsgenossenschaftliche Heilbehandlung Berlin e. V.

employees in Berlin
2,400 2,400 2,309 2,300 2,270 2,180 1,981 1,890 1,857 1,807 1,807 1,800 1,635 1,626 1,586 1,583 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,423 1,412 1,350 1,332 1,301 1,265 1,250 1,227 1,200 1,155 1,137 1,122 1,105 1,073 1,057 1,040 1,030 18 1,030 6 1,009 1,008 1,008

total number of employees
100,306 1,700,000 65,000 3,300 2,315 58,160 1,981 1,890 2,200 1,996 3,233
2 1 2

headquarter in Berlin
no no no yes yes no yes yes yes yes yes no no no yes yes yes yes no no yes no yes yes yes
14

company name 77 GlobeGround Berlin GmbH & Co. KG 78 Coca-Cola Erfrischungsgetränke AG 79 Lelbach-Gruppe 80 IAV GmbH 81 OTIS Gruppe 82 DOUGLAS-Gruppe 83 BÄR & OLLENROTH Gruppe 84 TÜV Rheinland Group 85 IKEA Deutschland GmbH & Co. KG 86 CLEMENS KLEINE Gebäudeservice GmBH 87 avocis Deutschland GmbH 88 Groupon GmbH 89 RENAFAN Group 90 OBI GmbH & Co. Deutschland KG 91 ThyssenKrupp AG 92 Accor Hospitality Germany GmbH 93 Knorr-Bremse Group 94 Pfefferwerk Stadtkultur gGmbH 95 ERGO Versicherungsgruppe AG 96 Diakoniewerk Bethel gemeinnützige GmbH 97 PricewaterhouseCoopers Aktiengesellschaft Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft

employees in Berlin
971 927 925 920 911 897 855 1 850 848 836 824 800 800 799 779 773 768 761 760 750 750 750 722 714
7 19

total number of employees
1,428 not specified 2,520 4,490 60,000 24,868 855 1 16,000 131,000 1,400 6,500 11,000 2,400 42,000 180,050 7,614 20,050 761 31,311 16 1,550 169,000 44,000 12,203 714
3 19

headquarter in Berlin
no yes yes yes yes 21 no yes no no yes yes no yes no no no no yes no yes no yes 21 no yes

2,000,000 13 26,261 41,000 1,945 2,655 9,000 3,074 10,850 78,100 4,936 33,300 9,566 2 1,301 1,265 110,000 1,903 111,000 3,330 1,137 2,961 96,104 1,073 1,057 125 000 1,030 413,000 15 45,620 1,008 1,008
25

98 Schindler Deutschland GmbH 99 ZF Lenksysteme GmbH 100 Volkswagen Automobile Berlin GmbH Figures based on information provided by companies.

Source: CCI Berlin, July 2012

61 Lebenshilfe Berlin (Verbund) 62 Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH 63 Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg (rbb) 64 BASF-Gruppe 65 Franz Cornelsen Bildungsholding GmbH & Co. KG 66 Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH 67 Vitanas GmbH & Co. KGaA 68 TOTAL Deutschland GmbH 69 Evangelisches Krankenhaus Königin Elisabeth Herzberge gGmbH 70 degewo (Konzern) 71 Procter & Gamble Manufacturing Berlin GmbH 72 Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin - Stiftung des Bürgerlichen Rechts 73 Sodexo Beteiligungs B.V. & Co. KG 74 Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH 75 PIN Mail AG

no yes 22 no yes yes yes no yes yes no yes no no yes yes 1) Berlin and Brandenburg 2) nationwide 3) europe-wide 4) without trainees, data in full-time equivalents  5) without independent retailers 6) data applies to the specified corporate form  incl. subsidiary and service companies 7) incl. leasing 8) average in 2011 business year 9) employee of Berlin Water Group 10) data in full-time equivalents 11) nationwide, incl. independent retailers 12) Allianz SE in 2010 13) working relationships worldwide 14) Sanofi Group 15) Sodexo-Group 16) office work and salaried sales force 17) data up to 22.03.2012 18) data up to 01.03.2012 19) data up to 30.09.2011 20) Rewe Group data up to 01.02.2011 21) German headquarters located in Berlin 22) headquarters in Berlin and Potsdam 23) headquarters in Berlin and Düsseldorf 24) headquarters in Berlin and Munich 25) TOTAL Group

16

76 Sankt Gertrauden-Krankenhaus GmbH

17

Section 4: Skilled crafts in Berlin

Total number of companies registered with the Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin

Traineeship trends in Berlin 2001 – 2011
skilled crafts by gender
25,000

“including: new 31.12.2010 start-ups registrations”

“including: closures 31.12.2011 deregistrations”

difference
in absolute terms

from 1.1. to 31.12.2011 main elements of the construction trade finishing elements of the construction trade trades for commercial needs automotive trades food trades health industry personal services Berlin trades 5,745 12,692 3,506 1,555 437 854 5,916 30,705 467 1,068 441 139 48 41 691 2,895 418 945 378 109 36 31 569 2,486 588 994 334 103 48 37 461 2,565 527 874 287 70 34 30 375 2,197 5,624 12,766 3,613 1,591 437 858 6,146 31,035

in % - 2.1 + 0.6 + 3.1 + 2.3 + 0.0 + 0.5 + 3.9

20,236

20,000

18,899 17,813 16,487 15,711

- 121 + 74 + 107 + 36 + 0 + 4 + 230

15,000
14,762 13,689 12,669

15,274

15,267

15,048

14,125

13,055

11,907

10,878

10,648

10,604

10,451

10,000

11,563

9,788

9,128

5,474

Source: Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin, January 2012

5,210

5,144

5,000

8,410

+ 330 + 1.1

0

Source: Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin, January 2012

4,924

4,833

4,663

4,626

4,597

4,337

3,927

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

male

female

total number of apprentices

Number of entrepreneurs of foreign origin registered with the Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin

Passed master craftsman examinations in Berlin 2001 – 2011
skilled crafts by gender
600

main elements of the construction trade
766 720

finishing elements of the construction trade trades for commercial needs
49 135 10

500 400 300 200 100

487

471 458

481 405 386 366 419 407

485

496

404

381

303

302

food trades
492

Source: Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin, January 2012

117

102

102

0

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

68

personal services

83

2007

2008

2009

104

95

90

91

2010

2011

male

female

total number of passed master craftsman examinations

18

114

1,336

152

health industry

275

284

303

333

3,508

automotive trades

365

352

382

3,497

Source: Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin, January 2012

19

Section 5: Figures for CCI Berlin

CCI members by economic sector * 2012

CCI members by district 2012

economic sector
administrative and support service activities retail trade, repair of personal and household goods real estate activities other service activities wholesale trade and commission trades food and beverage service activities construction arts, sport and entertainment activities data processing and databases transport financial- and insurance-related activities manufacturing vehicle trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, filling stations human health, veterinary and social work activities education renting and leasing of movable property without operating staff agriculture, forestry and fishing information and communication electricity, gas, steam, air conditioning and water supply waste management services scientific research and development financial service activities insurance service activities mining and quarrying

total number
76,278 37,159 23,336 18,701 18,641 15,097 12,398 12,072 11,865 11,135 11,073 9,656 5,825 3,969 2,349 2,153 1,888 1,634 1,380 802 754 210 98 41 1,305 279,819

45,000 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0
Marz.- Spandau Lichten- Reinicken- Trept.- Neukölln Stegl.- Tempelh.- Friedrh.- Pankow Hellersd. berg dorf Köpenick Zehlend. Schöneb. Kreuzb. Mitte Charlbg.Wilmersd. 12,176 12,461 13,052 14,705 15,505 20,608 20,887 26,088 27,112 29,053 39,342 42,167

Source: CCI Berlin, July 2012

Due to data assignment restrictions, the sum of the district members is not identical with the total number of CCI members.

Source: CCI Berlin, as of: April 2012

other total
* excluding second and further activities or dependent premises

20

21

Section 6: Sectors in Berlin

Turnover and employment in manufacturing 2005 – 2011
establishments with 50 and more employees (turnover in million euros)
turnover in million euros employees

Development of turnover and employment in Berlin construction 2005 – 2011
establishments with 20 and more employees
establishments/turnover employees

20,000

90,000

5,000

50,000

15,000
80,992

85,000

4,000

40,000

3,000 80,000 2,000
19,451 19,875

30,000

10,000

78,969

20,000

5,000
Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, February 2012
16,604 12,229 10,854 8,983

75,000

1,000
3,956 2,225 2,664 2,619

10,000

0

2005

2006

2007

2008 foreign turnover in million euros

2009

2010

2011

70,000

0

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

0

Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, December 2011

domestic turnover in million euros

employees in absolute numbers

establishments in absolute numbers

turnover in previous year in million euros

employees in absolute numbers

Employees subject to compulsory social insurance in manufacturing  by sub-group 2011
in persent, establishments with 50 and more employees

Development of Berlin retail trade 2007 – 2011
turnover / sales area employees

data processing/storing devices; electrical equipment – 24.4% primary material industry (coal chemistry, cement and building materials, steel and other metals) – 14.8% manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. – 11.3% fabricated metal products – 11.1% food und beverage industry –10.6% manufacture of motor vehicles – 7.7%
Source: Federal Employment Office, April 2012

15

65,000

12

12.4

12.7 63,500 63,000

64,000

9

63,000

104,574

6
5.0 4.1

62,000
Source: Handelsverband Berlin-Brandenburg e. V. (trade association), State Statistical Institute BerlinBrandenburg, June 2011

3

61,000

printing and reproduction – 7.2% repairs and other activities – 12.8% 0 2007 turnover in billion euros 2008 2009 sales area in million m² 2010 employees in absolute numbers 2011 60,000

22

23

Section 6: Sectors in Berlin

Development of passenger levels in air traffic 2001 – 2011
compared to other major German airports, 2001 basis (=100)
200
190.8

Berlin tourists from abroad by country 2001 – 2011
number of overnight stays per year
900,000 800,000 700,000
159.7 142.9

180 160 140 120
Source: Working Group of German Airports (ADV) e. V., as of: August 2012

600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000
Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, March 2012

132.1 116.2

100 80

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011 Düsseldorf

0

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007 Spain Denmark

2008

2009 France

2010

2011

Berlin

Frankfurt a.M.

Munich

Hamburg

Italy United Kingdom

Netherlands USA

Number of Berlin visitors and overnight stays 2001 – 2011
from Germany and abroad, in millions
25
22.4

Number of overnight stays by city 2011
25
22.4

20

20

15 10

15
11.7 9.5 7.5 6.3 8.6 6.5 6.4 5.2 5.0 3.8 7.1 3.8 2.5 9.3 7.6 4.5 2.1 Hanover 1.6 Stuttgart 6.9

Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, March 2012

5
3.8 1.0

11.3

10

5
3.6

5.9

0

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

0
Berlin Munich Hamburg Frankfurt a.M. Cologne Düsseldorf Dresden Nuremberg

Source: Deutscher Tourismusverband e. V., April 2012

domestic guests

foreign guests

overnight stays

overnight stays in millions

percentage change from previous year
25

24

Section 6: Sectors in Berlin

Section 7: Cluster and technology fields* in Berlin-Brandenburg

Berlin service providers by economic sector 2010

Development of economic structure in health care industries cluster 1996 / 2009
share of gross value added in Berlin-Brandenburg

health services – 56% transport and storage – 3,562 social services – 14% information and communication – 6,539 pharmaceutical industry – 8% companies real estate activities – 6,444 professional, scientific and technical activities – 23,230 administrative and support service activities – 5,801 1996 specialist retailers – 4% wholesalers – 2% medical engineering – 2% others – 14%

health services – 52% transport and storage – 63,764 social services – 16% information and communication – 49,247 pharmaceutical industry – 11% employees real estate activities – 28,689 professional, scientific and technical activities – 116,067 administrative and support service activities – 130,581 2009 specialist retailers – 3% wholesalers – 3% medical engineering – 2% others – 13%
Source: WifOR GmbH, September 2011

Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, July 2012

* Starting in 2011, the “Joint Innovation Strategy of the Federal States of Berlin und Brandenburg (innoBB)” has unified the previously separated cluster strategies. Five clusters form the basis of the new approach: health care industries, power engeneering, transport/mobility/ logistics, ICT/media/creative industries and optics, including microsystem technology. No current figures were available for either the power engeneering cluster or the optics and microsystem technology cluster at the time of this publication going to press (as of: August 2012). However, to be able to present them in this publication, the technology field analyses were resorted to. These were conducted before the

26

introduction of the clusters in order to identify regional cluster potentials.

27

Section 7: Cluster and technology fields* in Berlin-Brandenburg

Gross value added and labour force in health care industries cluster
in Berlin-Brandenburg
gross value added employees

Economic segments in transport and mobility cluster 2009
share of employees in Berlin-Brandenburg

22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4
Source: WifOR GmbH, September 2011

310 305 300 295 290 285 280 275 270 265 260 1996 2000 2002 2004 employees in 1,000 persons road transport/ automotive – 38%
(140 companies and 23 institutions)

logistics – 33% manufacturing companies and science – 36% total cluster major operators – 31%

2 0 2006 2008 2009

255

gross value added in billion euros

Economic segments in ICT, media and creative industries cluster 2009
share of approx. 29,300 Berlin companies
information and communications technology** – 18.4% other creative industries – 11.9% design – 11.5% architecture – 9.6% art – 7.5% press – 6.8 % film – 6.0% radio – 5.8% publishing – 5.0% performing arts – 4.9% music – 4.0% advertising – 3.7% other – 4.9%
**Software/games industry companies are included in the group “information and communications technology”.

rail transport technology – 38%
(117 companies and 35 institutions)

of which manufacturing companies and science

aerospace – 13%
(52 companies and 15 institutions)

transport telematics – 6%
(53 companies and 22 institutions)

29,349

logistics – 5%
(40 companies and 10 institutions)

Source: Technologiestiftung Berlin Innovationsagentur / Research and Application Associa-tion for Transport System Engineering (FAV) Berlin, June 2010

Source: Senate Department for the Economy, Technology and Research (SenWTF), as of: August 2012

28

* footnote see page 27

29

Section 7: Cluster and technology fields* in Berlin-Brandenburg

Section 8: Science location Berlin

Development of turnover employment of optical technologies Development of turnover and and employment of optical technologies and microsystem technologies in Berlin-Brandenburg and microsystem technologies in Berlin and Brandenburg
Source: TSB Innovation Agency Berlin, MARKUS, February 2012

Number of universities and non-university research institutions* in Berlin

employees

turnover in billion euros

18,000 15,000 12,000 9,000 6,000
Source: Technologiestiftung Berlin Innovationsagentur, MARKUS, February 2012

3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0

15 public universities private universities non-university research institutions* 52 28
Source: Senate Department for the Education, Youth and Science, March 2012

3,000 0

* 	 on-university research institutions predominantly n 	 financed by public funds

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011*
* forecast

employees

turnover in billion euros

Companies and turnover in power engeneering 2009
share in Germany as a percentage
5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5
Source: Federal Statistical Office, Investitionsbank Berlin, as of: November 2011
1.6 1.3 0.7 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.0 2.5

Public and private R&D staff 2009
share of employees subject to compulsory social insurance by federal state
3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0
0.97 1.88

2.53

1.0 0.5 0 Berlin companies Brandenburg turnover

Source: Destatis, Stifterverband Wissenschaftsstatistik, Technologiestiftung Berlin, Federal Employment Office, December 2011

Bremen

Hamburg

ST

SL

BB

MV

SH

TH

RP

NW HH

NI

SN

HB

DE

HE

BY

BE

BW

abbreviations see page 37

30

* footnote see page 27

31

Section 8: Science location Berlin

Public and private R&D expenditures 2009
share of GDP by federal state
5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5
3.47

Third-party funds raised per professor by federal state 2009
in euros
350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0
184,740 240,440 294,440 52,090 20,670 17,510

3.0 2.5 2.0
Source: Destatis, Stifterverband Wissenschaftsstatistik, Technologiestiftung Berlin, December 2011
2.82 1.44

1.5 1.0 0.5 0 SL SH ST BB MV NW RP HH TH HB NI SN DE HE BY BE BW

Source: Destatis, July 2012

RP

MV

ST

HH

SL

BB

TH

HE

SH

NI

DE

BY NW HB

SN

BE

BW

abbreviations see page 37

at universities

at universities of applied sciences
abbreviations see page 37

Students from abroad by federal state
as of fall / winter 2011/12
students from abroad share 16.7%

70,000 60,000 50,000
12.0 %

18 16 14 12 10

40,000 30,000
24,595

20,000
6,133

8 6 4

10,000
Source: Destatis, March 2012

0

MV

SL

SH

TH

HB

ST

BB

HH

SN

RP

NI

BE

HE

BY

BW NW

students from abroad

share of students from abroad
abbreviations see page 37

32

33

Section 9: Foreign trade in Berlin

Berlin imports by top-ten commodity group 2011
in million euros
aircraft – 570.6 engines (except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines) – 517.0 electricity production and distribution equipment – 418.0 coffee – 356.0 electronic components – 347.6 office machinery and automatic data processing machinery – 275.1 medical equipment and orthopaedic appliances – 262.2
Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, March 2012

Berlin imports by country 2010 / 2011
in million euros
1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0
Sweden Switzer- United land Kingdom Austria Italy Netherlands China Poland France USA Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, March 2012

basic pharmaceutical products – 237.5 paper and paperboard – 229.0 chassis, engines and accessories for motor vehicles – 215.4

2010

2011

Berlin exports by top-ten commodity group 2011
in million euros
electricity production and distribution equipment – 1,392.7 basic pharmaceutical products – 1,258.8 engines (except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines) – 1,026.5 vehicles n.e.c – 773.3 raw tobacco and tobacco products – 633.2 medical equipment and orthopaedic appliances – 565.3 chassis, engines and accessories for motor vehicles – 563.9
Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, March 2012

Berlin exports by country 2010 / 2011
in million euros
1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0
Source: State Statistical Institute Berlin-Brandenburg, March 2012 Austria SaudiArabia Netherlands United Kingdom Italy Poland France China Russian Federation USA

machinery n.e.c – 404.1 measurement, control and monitoring technology products – 372.4 cocoa and cocoa products – 354.8

2010

2011

34

35

Explanations

Geographical terms relating to the region*
Berlin is a city-state, one of the German federal states. The area around Berlin is comprised of Potsdam (a county borough), the boroughs of Ahrensfelde, Bernau bei Berlin, Panketal, Wandlitz and Werneuchen from the District of Barnim, the boroughs of Eichwalde, Königs Wusterhausen, Mittenwalde, Schönefeld, Schulzendorf, Wildau and Zeuthen from the District of Dahme-Spreewald, the boroughs of Brieselang, Dallgow-Döberitz, Falkensee, Schönwalde-Glien and Wustermark from the District of Havelland, the boroughs of Altlandsberg, Fredersdorf-Vogelsdorf, Hoppegarten, Neuenhagen bei Berlin, Petershagen/Eggersdorf, Rüdersdorf bei Berlin and Strausberg from the District of Märkisch-Oderland, the boroughs of Birkenwerder, Glienicke/Nordbahn, Hennigsdorf, Hohen Neuendorf, Leegebruch, Mühlenbecker Land, Oberkrämer, Oranienburg and Velten from the District of Oberhavel, the boroughs of Erkner, Gosen-Neu Zittau, Grünheide (Mark), Schöneiche bei Berlin and Woltersdorf from the District of Oder-Spree, the boroughs of Kleinmachnow, Michendorf, Nuthetal, Schwielowsee, Stahnsdorf, Teltow and Werder (Havel) from the District of Potsdam-Mittelmark as well as the boroughs of Blankenfelde-Mahlow, Großbeeren, Ludwigsfelde and Rangsdorf from the District of Teltow-Fläming. The Berlin conurbation encompasses the State of Berlin and the area around Berlin. Outer Brandenburg is comprised of the towns Brandenburg, Cottbus, Frankfurt (Oder), the Districts of Elbe-Elster, Oberspreewald-Lausitz, Ostprignitz-Ruppin, Prignitz, Spree-Neiße and Uckermark as well as the boroughs of Althüttendorf, Biesenthal Stadt, Breydin, Britz, Chorin, Eberswalde Stadt, Friedrichswalde, Hohenfinow, Hohensaaten, Joachimsthal Stadt, Liepe, LunowStolzenhagen, Marienwerder, Melchow, Niederfinow, Oderberg Stadt, Parsteinsee, Rüdnitz, Schorfheide, Sydower Fließ and Ziethen from the District of Barnim, the boroughs of Alt ZaucheWußwerk, Bersteland, Bestensee, Byhleg-

*Terms analogue to definition in 2009 State Development Plan of Berlin-Brandenburg 36

uhre- Byhlen, Drahnsdorf, Golßen Stadt, Groß Köris, Halbe, Heideblick, Heidesee, Jamlitz, KaselGolzig, Krausnick-Groß Wasserburg, Lieberose Stadt, Lübben (Spreewald) Stadt, Luckau Stadt, Märkisch Buchholz Stadt, Märkische Heide, Münchehofe, Neu Zauche, Rietzneuendorf-Staakow, Schlepzig, Schönwald, Schwerin, Schwielochsee, Spreewaldheide, Steinreich, Straupitz, Teupitz Stadt and Unterspreewald from the District of Dahme-Spreewald, the boroughs of Friesack Stadt, Gollenberg, Großderschau, Havelaue, Ketzin, Kleßen-Görne, Kotzen, Märkisch Luch, Milower Land, Mühlenberge, Nauen, Nennhausen, Paulinenaue, Pessin, Premnitz Stadt, Rathenow Stadt, Retzow, Rhinow Stadt, Seeblick, Stechow-Ferchesar and Wiesenaue from the District of Havelland, the boroughs of Alt Tucheband, Bad Freienwalde (Oder) Stadt, Beiers­ dorf-Freudenberg, Bleyen-Genschmar, Bliesdorf, Buckow (Märkische Schweiz) Stadt, Falkenberg, Falkenhagen (Mark), Fichtenhöhe, Garzau-Garzin, Golzow, Gusow-Platkow, Heckelberg Brunow, Höhenland, Küstriner Vorland, Lebus Stadt, Letschin, Lietzen, Lindendorf, Märkische Höhe, Müncheberg Stadt, Neuhardenberg, Neulewin, Neutrebbin, Oberbarnim, Oderaue, Podelzig, Prötzel, Rehfelde, Reichenow-Möglin, Reitwein, Seelow Stadt, Treplin, Vierlinden, Waldsieversdorf, Wriezen Stadt, Zechin and Zeschdorf from the District of Märkisch-Oderland, the boroughs of Fürstenberg/Havel Stadt, Gransee Stadt, Großwoltersdorf, Kremmen, Liebenwalde Stadt, Löwenberger Land, Schönermark, Sonnenberg, Stechlin and Zehdenick Stadt from the District of Oberhavel, the boroughs of Bad Saarow, Beeskow Stadt, Berkenbrück, Briesen (Mark), Brieskow-Finkenheerd, Diensdorf-Radlow, Eisenhüttenstadt Stadt, Friedland Stadt, Fürstenwalde/Spree, Groß Lindow, Grunow-Dammendorf, Jacobsdorf, Langewahl, Lawitz, Madlitz-Wilmersdorf, Mixdorf, Müllrose Stadt, Neißemünde, Neuzelle, Ragow-Merz, Rauen, Reichenwalde, Rietz-Neuendorf, Schlaubetal, Siehdichum, Spreenhagen, Steinhöfel, Storkow (Mark) Stadt, Tauche, Vogelsang, Wendisch Rietz, Wiesenau and Ziltendorf from the District of Oder-Spree, the boroughs of Beelitz, Beetzsee, Beetzseeheide, Belzig Stadt, Bensdorf, Borkheide, Borkwalde, Brück Stadt, Buckautal, Golzow, Görzke, Gräben, Havelsee Stadt, Kloster Lehnin, Linthe, Mühlenfließ, Niemegk Stadt, Päwesin,

Planebruch, Planetal, Groß Kreutz (Havel), Rabenstein/Fläming, Rosenau, Roskow, Seddiner See, Treuenbrietzen Stadt, Wenzlow, Wiesenburg/ Mark, Wollin, Wusterwitz and Ziesar Stadt from the District of Potsdam-Mittelmark and the boroughs of Am Mellensee, Baruth/Mark Stadt, Dahme/Mark Stadt, Dahmetal, Ihlow, Jüterbog Stadt, Lucken- walde Stadt, Niedergörsdorf, Niederer Fläming, Nuthe-Urstromtal, Trebbin and Zossen from the District of Teltow Fläming. Brandenburg encompasses the area around Berlin and outer Brandenburg.

Berlin Area around Berlin Berlin conurbation Outer Brandenburg

Abbreviations
BE	Berlin BB	Brandenburg BW	Baden-Wuerttemberg BY	Bavaria DE	Germany HB	Bremen HE	Hesse HH	Hamburg MV	 Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania NI	 Lower Saxony NW	 North Rhine-Westphalia RP	Rhineland-Palatinate SH	Schleswig-Holstein SL	Saarland SN	Saxony ST	Saxony-Anhalt TH	Thuringia

37

Imprint

Published by Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI) Berlin Fasanenstraße 85 10623 Berlin Telephone: +49 30 31510-0 Telefax: +49 30 31510-166 E-mail: service@berlin.ihk.de www.ihk-berlin.de Chamber of Skilled Crafts Berlin Blücherstraße 68 10961 Berlin Telephone: +49 30 25903-01 Telefax: +49 30 25903-235 E-mail: info@hwk-berlin.de www.hwk-berlin.de Editorial deadline August 2012 Printed by Druckerei Hermann Schlesener KG Ullsteinstraße 108 12109 Berlin Image sources Cover:	 © Pgiam - iStockphoto.com Page 5:	 © IHK Berlin

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