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Kosten und Nutzen von grossen Verkehrsinfrastrukturprojekten

Full text: Kosten und Nutzen von grossen Verkehrsinfrastrukturprojekten

PRODUKTIVITÄT UND FINANZIERUNG VON VERKEHRSINFRASTRUKTUREN (Band 4)

Eidgenössisches Volkswirtschaftsdepartement EVD Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft SECO Direktion für W irtschaftspolitik

Strukturberichterstattung Nr. 48/4
Frank Bruns, Benjamin Buser, Toralf Dittrich, Michael Kapp, Mark Sturzenegger, Bence Tasnády

Produktivität und Finanzierung von Verkehrsinfrastrukturen
Kosten und Nutzen von grossen Verkehrsinfrastrukturprojekten

Eidgenössisches Volkswirtschaftsdepartement EVD Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft SECO Direktion für W irtschaftspolitik
Holzikofenweg 36, 3003 Bern Vertrieb: Tel. +41 (0)31 324 08 60, Fax +41 (0)31 323 50 01, 12.2011 100 www.seco.admin.ch, wp-sekretariat@seco.admin.ch ISBN 978-3-905967-08-1

FRANK BRUNS U.A.

Studie im Auftrag des Staatssekretariats für Wirtschaft

Eidgenössisches Volkswirtschaftsdepartement EVD Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft SECO Direktion für W irtschaftspolitik

Strukturberichterstattung Nr. 48/4
Frank Bruns, Benjamin Buser, Toralf Dittrich, Michael Kapp, Mark Sturzenegger, Bence Tasnády

Produktivität und Finanzierung von Verkehrsinfrastrukturen
Kosten und Nutzen von grossen Verkehrsinfrastrukturprojekten

Bern, 2011

Studie im Auftrag des Staatssekretariats für Wirtschaft

 

Vorwort Das Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft (SECO) hat fünf Studien, die sich mit der Produktivität und dem volkswirtschaftlichem Nutzen der Verkehrssysteme befassen, an Forschungsstellen vergeben. Ziel der ersten Studie war es, die Produktivität bzw. Effizienz von Schweizer Verkehrsunternehmen im internationalen Kontext zu ermitteln. Neben der Analyse der Produktivität wurde auch der Zusammenhang zwischen verschiedenen national und international angewandten Finanzierungsmodellen und dem erzielten Produktivitätsniveau der Verkehrsinfrastrukturen und der darauf angebotenen Dienstleistungen analysiert. Im Zentrum der zweiten Studie stand die Frage nach der Definition der Grundversorgung im Verkehr als wichtigem Teil des Infrastrukturbereichs und nach den aus volkswirtschaftlicher Sicht effizienten Ansätzen zur Zielerreichung in der Grundversorgung um Umsetzung weiterer politischer Anliegen. In der dritten Studie ging es darum, die verschiedenen, derzeit zur Diskussion gestellten Finanzierungsansätze für die Deckung der volkswirtschaftlichen Kosten im Verkehrsbereich aus wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Sicht zu werten, dies mit Fokus auf den individuellen Nutzen für den einzelnen Wirtschaftsakteur und eine verursachergerechte Kostenanlastung. Die vierte Studie untersuchte die Kosten und Nutzen von grossen Infrastrukturprojekten auf Stufe MS-Regionen. Ex-post wurde analysiert, welche wirtschaftlichen Effekte in den durch zwei ausgewählte Grossprojekte im Bereich der Verkehrsinfrastrukturen besser erschlossenen Regionen in Form von Beschäftigung und Produktivitätszunahme anfielen. Die fünfte Studie legte den Fokus auf die Frage, ob und in welchem Mass bessere Erschliessung dank Reisezeitverkürzungen zu einer überdurchschnittlichen Wertschöpfungssteigerung in der betreffenden Region beitragen. Die Studie zeigt auch, welche Effekte auf das Bruttoinlandprodukt der Schweiz von den Reisezeitverkürzungen dank des GotthardBasistunnels zu erwarten sind. Die Resultate der Forschungsarbeiten werden in den vorliegenden fünf Bänden vorgestellt.  

   

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