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Volume Heft 3

Full text: Bibliotheksdienst (Rights reserved) Issue 43.2009 (Rights reserved)

Erschließung Themen Bibliotheksdienst 43. Jg. (2009), H. 3 281 seiten (das sind viel genutzte Internetdienste wie Google, Facebook etc.) weiter- geführt. Und für Verhandlungen mit möglichen Partnerseiten sei eben rechtliche Klarheit über die Bedingungen einer Nutzung und Weitergabe der WorldCat- Daten eine notwendige Bedingung: “To be successful negotiating and working with prospective partners, many of which are in the private sector, OCLC needs to move beyond the Guidelines to a policy that will be recognized by these organizations and others outside the library-archives-museum space as a legal document. Achieving clarity about the rights and conditions for using and transferring WorldCat data is a precondition to OCLC‘s sitting down to talk, on its members‘ behalf, with organizations that otherwise might have little or no interest in promoting the use and visibility of library, archival, and museum collections and services.”32 4.2 Eine Policy zur Sicherung von Gewinnrückflüssen OCLC wie auch eine Menge Bibliothekare, die die OCLC-Politik verteidigen33, beto- nen regelmäßig: Die jahrzehntelangen Investitionen OCLCs und seiner Mitglieder in den WorldCat würden es notwendig machen, diesen Gemeinschaftswert zu schützen, um einen entsprechenden Rückfluss von Gewinnen zu gewährleisten. In den FAQs zur Policy wird dies so formuliert: “OCLC member libraries have spent nearly 40 years supporting and contribut- ing to WorldCat and the OCLC cooperative. With over 100 million records and over one billion holdings, WorldCat is the backbone of the cooperative and the services used by the membership. It is not economically feasible to main- tain and expand WorldCat, its surrounding services and the cooperative on a completely open model.”34 Damit wird ein Mittel, welches für eine gemeinschaftliche, kooperative Sache ent- wickelt und verwendet wurde, nachträglich zu einer Investition, zu einem exklusi- ven, marktfähigen Gut umgedeutet, das monetären Gewinn abzuwerfen habe.35 32 OCLC (2008 b), S. 2. 33 Vgl. etwa Randall (2009): “I do believe that OCLC management has an obligation to the member organizations to protect the database, which is the collective work of the member cataloging agencies AND of the OCLC staff (on behalf of the members), and which is the single most valuable asset (being the entire foundation of the services provided by OCLC).” 34 OCLC (2008 b), S. 3, Punkt 6. 35 Karen Calhoun verwickelt sich in einem Blog-Eintrag in eine Vielzahl von Wider- sprüchen, als sie den WorldCat mit den Commons, der Allmende, vergleicht: “OCLC‘s and the members’ central asset is the WorldCat database that we share. It is our common investment, our ‘commons’. I believe it is the right course to protect the commons. Thus, as Garrett Hardin has suggested in his writings about the “tragedy of
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